**Directions: Study te following information carefully and answer the question given below:**

Total production = 3600 kg

**1. In which of the following factory the sale of rice is the highest?**

A Factory P

B Factory Q

C Factory M

D Factory O

E Factory N

**Correct Option: A**

**Sale of rice by factory M = 3600 × 20% × 60% = 432 kg**

**Sale of rice by factory N = 3600 × 15% × 80% = 432 kg**

**Sale of rice by factory O = 3600 × 18% × 75% = 486 kg**

**Sale of rice by factory P = 3600 × 25% × 88% = 792 kg**

**Sale of rice by factory Q = 3600 × 22% × 75% = 594 kg**

**Sale of rice of factory P is the highest.**

**Hence, option A is correct.**

**2Rice sold by factory M and N together is how much percent more than the production of rice by factory M?**

A 30%

B 45%

C 10%

D 20%

E None of these

**Correct Option: D**

**Rice sold by factory M = 3600 × 20% × 60% = 432 kg**

**Rice sold by factory N = 3600 × 15% × 80% = 432 kg**

**Production of rice by factory M = 3600 × 20% = 720 kg**

**% more = (432 + 432 – 720)/720 × 100**

**= 144/720 × 100 = 20%**

**Hence, option D is correct.**

**3 If the cost price of rice is Rs 45 per kg and profit earned by factory Q on 1 kg rice is 20% of the cost price, find the total profit earned by factory Q.**

A Rs 4326

B Rs 5256

C Rs 5346

D Rs 5697

E None of these

**Correct Option: C**

**Rice sold by factory Q = 3600 × 22% × 75% = 594 kg**

**Profit on 1 kg rice = 45 × 20% = Rs 9**

**Total profit = 9 × 594 = Rs 5346**

**Hence, option C is correct.**

**4 What is the ratio of rice sold by factory P and Q together to the rice sold by factory N and O together?**

A 71 : 54

B 77 : 51

C 25 : 29

D 69 : 47

E 51 : 77

**Correct Option: B**

**Rice sold by factory P = 3600 × 25% × 88% = 792 kg**

**Rice sold by factory Q = 3600 × 22% × 75% = 594 kg**

**Rice sold by factory N = 3600 × 15% × 80% = 432 kg**

**Rice sold by factory O = 3600 × 18% × 75% = 486 kg**

**Reqd Ratio = 792 + 594 : 432 + 486**

**= 1386 : 918 = 77 : 51**

**Hence, option B is correct.**

**5 What percent of total rice has been sold by all the factory?**

A 55%

B 66%

C 76%

D 50%

E None of these

**Correct Option: C**

**Sale of rice by factory M = 3600 × 20% × 60% = 432 kg**

**Sale of rice by factory N = 3600 × 15% × 80% = 432 kg**

**Sale of rice by factory O = 3600 × 18% × 75% = 486 kg**

**Sale of rice by factory P = 3600 × 25% × 88% = 792 kg **

**Sale of rice by factory Q = 3600 × 22% × 75% = 594 kg**

**Total sale = 432 + 432 + 486 + 792 + 594 = 2736 kg**

**Required % = 2736 × 100 /3600= 76%**

**Hence, option C is correct.**